Custom Audiences are Now Live in Google Ads

custom audiences in google ads

What are Custom Audiences?

Custom audiences are a new form of targeting in Google Ads. Combining aspects of custom intent and custom affinity audiences, this new audience type allows advertisers to target users based on:

  • Interests or behaviors
  • Search terms used on Google and YouTube
  • Websites browsed
  • Apps used
  • Places visited

Advertisers can pick and choose which of these options to use when creating their custom audience. Offering a wider variety of targeting options than custom intent or affinity alone, this audience type provides new opportunities to reach your target customers.

Note that Google registers the relationship between each option as “or” rather than “and.” That means if you enter keywords your customers may have searched for and places they may have visited, Google does not require a user to fit both criteria in order to see your ads. That would result in a very narrowed audience and, as a result, limited reach.

Instead, Google will serve your ads to someone who searched for those terms or visited the locations you’ve specified. 

For example, if you want to target users interested in purchasing athletic shoes, your custom audience may look like the one below.

custom audience example

In this case, Google could serve your ad to someone who has searched for “running shoes for women,” or someone who recently visited a shoe store.

Now that custom audiences are live, advertisers will no longer have the option to create custom affinity or custom intent audiences. Those previous targeting methods have been replaced by custom audiences.

How to Create Custom Audiences

To create a new custom audience:

  • Navigate to the applicable campaign and ad group 
  • Click on the Audiences tab
  • Toggle to “Browse” and select Custom Audiences
  • Click on the blue plus button to add a new custom audience
  • In the popup box, enter a name for your audience
  • The first option is to target by interests or behaviors
  • You can do this in one of two ways, by entering your audience’s interests or purchase intentions, or search terms your audience may have used on Google properties
custom audience setup

Next, expand your audience by following these steps:

  • Enter websites your target customers browse
  • Select apps your target customers use
  • Enter places your target customers visit
  • Click Save Audience
  • To apply it to your campaign, select your new audience from the list and click Save

Let’s use the previous example of an advertiser who sells athletic shoes. Their custom audience may look something like this:

custom audience example

Custom Audience Requirements

Custom audiences can be applied to display, video, Discovery or Gmail campaigns. As with other audience targeting methods, advertisers must abide by Google’s personalized advertising policies.

Other than those requirements, custom audiences are very flexible. You can choose which options you want to include in your audiences and which ones you don’t.

When creating a custom audience, advertisers should understand that entering a website does not necessarily mean that your ads will show on that website. Instead, Google will target users who have visited that URL and websites similar to it. The same goes for apps.

The option to target places works similarly. Your ad will not necessarily show to users while they are physically in those locations. Rather, your ads will show to users who have spent time at those specified places in the recent past.

Google Display Network

Will This Affect My Existing Audience Targeting?

If you are using custom intent audiences or custom affinity audiences in your current campaigns, this will affect you. Any existing custom intent and custom affinity audiences will automatically transition to custom audiences.

In fact, this change has likely already taken place in your Google Ads account.

Google states that there will be “no impact on performance nor loss of functionality in existing lists once the migration to custom audiences happens.” Nevertheless, advertisers should be aware of some changes.

Keywords from custom affinity audiences will now be categorized in the custom audience as “People with any of these interests or purchase intentions.”

Likewise, keywords from custom intent audiences used in display campaigns will also become “People with any of these interests or purchase intentions.”

However, custom intent audiences used in video, Discovery, or Gmail campaigns will see their keywords categorized as “People who searched for any of these terms on Google properties.”

If you would prefer different settings, you can manually edit your audiences to select your desired options.

We recommend that advertisers review any custom audiences that have been migrated from custom intent or custom affinity. With the more robust targeting options, there may be opportunities to expand your audience and reach more of your target customers.

For help implementing custom audiences or managing other aspects of your Google Ads account, contact Creative Website Marketing today.

4 thoughts on “Custom Audiences are Now Live in Google Ads

  1. Trenton Erker says:

    It seems that one has to create a new campaign to add a Custom Audience to a campaign or ad group. When I select the custom audience in the audience manager I’m only given the option to remove the audience, there’s no option to add it to a campaign or ad group.

    • Samantha Hill says:

      Hey Trenton – Try going into an existing campaign or ad group and navigating to the “Audiences” tab on the lefthand menu. Then click the blue edit button. You should be able to find an existing custom audience from there (or create a new one) and add it to your campaign/ad group. I hope that helps!

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